TED TALKS.

Given by experts ahead of their field, T.E.D talks are an inspiring way to catch up on topics ranging from sports science to psychology. Although an internet search will show you research papers on topics in this book, here are a few which helped me.

 

 

RAW RESEARCH notes

 

Many of these links refer to several topics, hence apparent paucity under some headings.…

 

STRESS

WWW.gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000380062500001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=f41074198c063036414efcbc916f8956

 

BREATHING

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20954960

Endorphins are endogenous opioids. (Hence the name a shortening of  ‘endogenous morphine’). Several websites have made this claim but I can only find scientific evidence of their release during exercise in general (when it is suggested they work as a natural painkillers) Angelopoulos, 2000. Paradoxically the presence of opiates depresses breathing (this is a major side effect of heroin)

 

DOODLING

Nobel Prize winners are artistically creative- https://www.psychologytoday.com/files/attachments/1035/arts-foster-scientific-success.pdfwww.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/blogs/education/2014/07/keep-calm-and-doodle-on/

Thinking benefits of doodling - www.health.harvard.edu/blog/the-thinking-benefits-of-doodling-2016121510844

 http://phoenix.swarthmore.edu/2004-03-04/living/13788  Ruud, C. (2004).  The fine art of doodling.  The Phoenix, March 4 2004.  

Doodling has been used successfully in a Cognitive Behaviour Therapy based approach to counter stress, anxiety and depression in teenagers. http://www.uts.edu.au/new/releases/2003/November/12.html 

http://crastina.se/the-crastina-column-july-scientific-sketching/

Drawing aids understanding of creatures - https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/symbiartic/rediscovering-the-forgotten-benefits-of-drawing/

Effects of doodling - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/blogs/education/2014/07/keep-calm-and-doodle-on/

Thinking benefits of doodling - https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/the-thinking-benefits-of-doodling-2016121510844

Drawing aids memory - https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160421133821.htm

The Zen of seeing: seeing-drawing as meditation
F Franck - 1973 - London: Wildwood House
The Drawing Research Network http://www.simcoe.co.uk/drawing/members.htm

 

VAGAL NERVE.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/.../vagus-nerve-stimulation-dramatically-reduces-infl...

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201607/

https://www.psychologytoday.com/.../vagus-nerve-stimulation-dramatically-reduces-infl...

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797612470827

 

 

Positive emotion helps health —http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797612470827

SMILE.

ted talk - https://www.ted.com/talks/ron_gutman_the_hidden_power_of_smiling/up-next

Thais smile - https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/intimacy-path-toward-spirituality/201801/the-surprising-power-smile

negative thinking on memory -http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0024862

Clear goals and checking progress: Mark, Mone, Baker, 1992; Williams, 2000.  Concentration: Singer, 2000

 

 

  1. WORDS - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-uSqm05RrM

Ucla www.newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/Putting-Feelings-Into-Words-Produces-8047 These links might help: 

TED - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-uSqm05RrM

pinterest.com/pin/218706125636529015/ 

pinterest.co.uk/newnic/book-of-kells/?lp=true 

pinterest.co.uk/jbrawner88/letter-doodling/?lp=true

Positive words - https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201212/choosing-positive-words-improves-mindset-and-performance

Writing and memory-

 www.huffingtonpost.com.au/2016/04/21/writing-by-hand-benefits_n_9735384.html — 

Typing vs writing notes -“However, you can process it while you are writing by hand, and that can make a big difference.” Jared Hovarth, from University of Melbourne’s Science of Learning Research Center

Opositive words - www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201212/choosing-positive-words-improves-mindset-and-performance

the no word! - https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/words-can-change-your-brain/201207/the-most-dangerous-word-in-the-world

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0024862

 

WRITING

Ucla research - 

http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/Putting-Feelings-Into-Words-Produces-8047

Positive words - https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201212/choosing-positive-words-improves-mindset-and-performance

Writing and memory- https://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/2016/04/21/writing-by-hand-benefits_n_9735384.html — Typing vs writing notes -“However, you can process it while you are writing by hand, and that can make a big difference.” Jared Hovarth, from University of Melbourne’s Science of Learning Research Center

Opositive words - https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201212/choosing-positive-words-improves-mindset-and-performance

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0024862

 

2. THUMB.

http://www.julietmacdonald.co.uk/phd_files/Site_hand_eye_p/thehumanhand.htm

https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2012/jun/26/count-fingers-brain

HANDS.

http://www.bodylanguageuniversity.com/public/224.cfm

http://www.julietmacdonald.co.uk/phd_files/Site_hand_eye_p/thehumanhand.htm

https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2012/jun/26/count-fingers-brain

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1571064/

https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/first/w/wilson-hand.html?scp=15&sq=Flexion&st=cse

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1308.5034.pdf

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/07/4/l_074_01.htmlnks

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3515080/

(Lefebvre et al, 2004; Reader, 2003) Tool use correlates with innovation and hence cognitive abilities in primates and birds. So, it has been suggested that superior primate brains developed as a result of tool use. However Dunbar, 1992 (social brain hypothesis) attributes brain development to an increase in the complexity of primate’s social environment.  

 

3. ATTENTION.

- https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201505/12-ways-eye-movements-give-away-your-secrets

summary of research - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3779797/

http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2003-02410-012

 

 

4. BREATH. 

 

5.  POSTURE

.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are/transcript?language=en#t-433146

 

6.    PATTERNS.

how artist's eye refines the world -  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3203412/

 

7.    ABSTRACTION.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/when-did-the-human-mind-evolve-to-what-it-is-today-140507905/

 

8.    DAYDREAMING

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/beautiful-minds/what-are-everyday-daydreamers-like/

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/tracking-wonder/201708/the-science-the-daydreaming-paradox-innovation

Dr Bone solitary confinement - http://discovermagazine.com/2017/june/let-your-mind-wander

Creators inspired by DD - https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/tracking-wonder/201708/the-science-the-daydreaming-paradox-innovation

DD + smart - https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171024112803.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4116780/- The main task of human perception is to amplify and strengthen sensory inputs to be able to perceive, orientate and act very quickly, specifically and efficiently. 

http://dujs.dartmouth.edu/2011/02/science-of-daydreaming/#.Wu7QNC-ZOXQ

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-benefits-of-daydreaming-170189213/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-benefits-of-daydreaming-170189213/#AzEjGVEVH3WXkM11.99

 

9.    IMAGING.

VISUAL PREFERENCE

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5206280/

http://www.jneurosci.org/content/early/2017/11/13/JNEUROSCI.1206-17.2017

 

https://www.scienceofpeople.com/hand-gestures/

https://neurowissenschaften-olympiade.de/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/neuroscience-of-the-brain-english.pdf

10.  GESTURES.

TED talks most pop = gestures https://www.scienceofpeople.com/hand-gestures/

Dr Catherine Hobaiter, St Andrews University, Scotland’s 2018 research into chimps shared by BBC listeners, compares human-chimp gesturing. 

 

11.  DISTRACTION.

12   VISION.

 

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5206280/

http://www.jneurosci.org/content/early/2017/11/13/JNEUROSCI.1206-17.2017

 

https://www.scienceofpeople.com/hand-gestures/ATTENTION

 

13   MULTITASKING.

Multitasking costs - www.apa.org/research/action/multitask.aspx

https://neurowissenschaften-olympiade.de/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/neuroscience-of-the-brain-english.pdf

14   INNER VIDEOS.

15   MENTAL GYM.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4116780/- The main task of human perception is to amplify and strengthen sensory inputs to be able to perceive, orientate and act very quickly, specifically and efficiently. 

 

16   PLAY.

17   EMOTION.

18   PLEASURE.

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-9280.1996.tb00355.x

https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141

http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2006-01036-001

health + H https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/magazine/happiness-stress-heart-disease/

 

contentment

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1057740814000631

time=contement - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1948550616649239?rss=1

money& contentment - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2944762/

 

wellbeing and health

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/aphw.12090

 

 

19   SELF IMAGE.

 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2594523/

What it does for you - http://www.princeton.edu/~rbenabou/papers/CONFQJE2.pdf

WHAT YOU TELL YOURSELF - In the applied sport psychology literature, much attention has been focused on the benefits of positive self-talk arid the deleterious effects of negative self-talk (Gould, Hodge, Peterson, & Giannini, 1989; Mahoney & Avener, 1977). Proponents of positive self-talk have suggested that positive self-talk can reduce anxiety, increase effort, and enhance self-confidence (Finn, 1985; Weinberg, 1988). 20   CHANGE.

What it does for you - http://www.princeton.edu/~rbenabou/papers/CONFQJE2.pdf

 

If you are balanced, calm and in control, your entire body system looks and feels different - Glaser,R et al., 1987. "Stress-related Immune Suppression: Health Implications." Brain, Behavior, and

Immunity I: 7-10.

Benson, a research cardiologist, developed an exercise to induce the relaxation response - a simple breathing and mental focusing exercise,.  Benson, H.,Greenwood, M and Klemchuk, H., 1975. "The Relaxation Response: Psychophysiological Aspects and Clinical Applications." Psychiatry in Medicine 6(i): 36-42.

 

21   INNER SAMURAI.

      

Science, Oct 31 2004 - our perceptions have a great deal to do with the way our brains are wired… 

 

OXYGEN.

Yes e.g. altitude training for athletes. A decrease in oxygen results in the up-regulation of haemoglobin in red blood cells, thus giving them a greater affinity for oxygen. When returning to normal altitude, haemoglobin levels remain high for a short period. 

 

JOURNAL.

TED - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-uSqm05RrM

yupuutube - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XsHIV9PxAV4

https://liberalarts.utexas.edu/psychology/faculty/pennebak#writing-health

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/write-yourself-well/201208/expressive-writing

 

 

MINDFULNESS

Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness

Meditation

RICHARD J. DAVIDSON, PHD, JON KABAT-ZINN, PHD, JESSICA SCHUMACHER, MS, MELISSA ROSENKRANZ, BA,

DANIEL MULLER, MD, PHD, SAKI F. SANTORELLI, EDD, FERRIS URBANOWSKI, MA, ANNE HARRINGTON, PHD,

KATHERINE BONUS, MA, AND JOHN F. SHERIDAN, PHD

Objective: The underlying changes in biological processes that are associated with reported changes in mental and physical health

in response to meditation have not been systematically explored. We performed a randomized, controlled study on the effects on

brain and immune function of a well-known and widely used 8-week clinical training program in mindfulness meditation applied

in a work environment with healthy employees. Methods: We measured brain electrical activity before and immediately after, and

then 4 months after an 8-week training program in mindfulness meditation. Twenty-five subjects were tested in the meditation

group. A wait-list control group (N _ 16) was tested at the same points in time as the meditators. At the end of the 8-week period,

subjects in both groups were vaccinated with influenza vaccine. 

Results: We report for the first time significant increases in left-sided anterior activation, a pattern previously associated with positive affect, in the meditators compared with the nonmeditators. We also found significant increases in antibody titers to influenza vaccine among subjects in the meditation compared with those in the wait-list control group. Finally, the magnitude of increase in left-sided activation predicted the magnitude of antibody titer rise to the vaccine. 

Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that a short program in mindfulness meditation produces demonstrable effects on brain and immune function. These findings suggest that meditation may change brain and immune function in positive ways and underscore the need for additional research. 

Key words: meditation, mindfulness, EEG, immune function, brain asymmetry, influenza vaccine 

Thomas, W.I., Thomas D.S.  Thomas, W.I., and Dorothy Swaine Thomas. 1928. The Child in America: Behavior Problems and

Programs. KNOPF.

s easy.